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Gestational Diabetes (GDM)

Gestational Diabetes (GDM)

GDM is diabetes diagnosed for the first time during pregnancy.

Most women are diagnosed using a pathology test, which requires blood to be taken before and after a glucose drink. This is known as an oral glucose tolerance test.

This test is usually performed between 24-28 weeks into the pregnancy, or earlier if you are high risk.

Risk factors for developing GDM:

  • >35 years old
  • Having a family history of type 2 diabetes
  • Being overweight
  • Being from certain ethnic backgrounds including:
    • Indigenous Australians and Torre strait Islanders
    • South Asian
    • Vietnamese
    • Chinese
    • Middle Eastern
    • Polynesian
    • Melanesian
  • Previous history of Gestational Diabetes
  • Previous history of large baby
  • Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)
  • Taking some antipsychotic or steroid medications
gestational diabetes

Risk factors for developing GDM:

  • >35 years old
  • Having a family history of type 2 diabetes
  • Being overweight
  • Previous history of Gestational Diabetes
  • Previous history of large baby
  • Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)
  • Taking some antipsychotic or steroid medications
  • Being from certain ethnic backgrounds including:
    • Indigenous Australians and Torre strait Islanders
    • South Asian
    • Vietnamese
    • Chinese
    • Middle Eastern
    • Polynesian
    • Melanesian
gestational diabetes

GDM Management

Gestational Diabetes can be managed with:

  • Monitoring blood glucose levels,
  • Healthy eating,
  • Physical activity,
  • and sometimes medication.

Why do we worry about GDM?

There are increased risks during pregnancy and delivery to mum and baby.

gestational diabetes

Maggie will educate you on how to manage your GDM and how to reduce these risks.